What is taken into account an “instrument of crime” (aka PIC cost) in Pennsylvania

June 7, 2023by Naomi Cramer

Most individuals consider that solely a gun or maybe a knife is taken into account an “devices of crime,” Pennsylvania, nevertheless, the crime of “possession of an instrument of crime” isn’t completely reserved for weapons and firearms. Underneath Part 907(a) an individual commits a misdemeanor of the primary diploma if she or he possesses any instrument of crime with the intent to make use of it criminally in opposition to one other prson. Underneath subsection (b) of this prison statute, an individual can be responsible of a misdemeanor of the primary diploma if she or he “possesses a firearm or different weapon hid upon his particular person with the intent to make use of it criminally”.  

What does the prosecution have to show past an inexpensive doubt

If an individual is charged with this crime, the assistant district lawyer (ADA) should show past an inexpensive doubt the next components:

  1. Possession of an instrument;
  2. An instrument that’s generally used for prison functions;
  3. The instrument isn’t getting used for a lawful objective;
  4. The intent to make use of criminally.

This prison statute applies to extra than simply firearms and weapons. Not like crimes beneath Pennsylvania’s Uniform Firearms Act (a.ok.a. VUFA offenses), the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania doesn’t even want to ascertain past an inexpensive doubt that the firearm or gun was truly practical or able to being made practical.

Additional, beneath subparagraph (a), the prosecution can get hold of a conviction in opposition to somebody with out proving precise possession – constructive possession is sufficient. The prosecution solely has to show that the accused particular person had the intent and the power to manage the merchandise in query.  

 Pennsylvania courts have held that the next gadgets aren’t devices of crime:

  1. A pair of scissors
  2. A desk
  3. Broom deal with
  4. Tire iron
  5. Flashlight
  6. Hammer
  7. Baseball bat
  8. Unsheathed looking knife

You will need to understand that we’re ONLY speaking about possession right here. In these conditions the defendant or the accused was present in mere possession of this stuff.

It’s attainable for the prosecution to satisfy its burden the place the info within the case can set up greater than a mere possession past an inexpensive doubt (swinging the baseball bat or tire iron.) Regardless of Pennsylvania Courts discovering that such issues like a baseball bat or a pair of scissors are devices of crime, all of it is dependent upon the circumstances surrounding their use.  

A PIC cost does NOT merge with different prison expenses. 

Lastly, a crime of possession of an instrument of crime doesn’t merge for the needs of sentencing for crimes reminiscent of aggravated assault dedicated with that instrument or weapon and crimes involving the possession of a firearm with no license (VUFA 6106).

This prison statute additionally doesn’t merge for the crime of theft or conspiracy to commit theft. It is a crucial level as a result of the conviction beneath this part can improve the prison penalty that an individual might face if they’re convicted. Merger signifies that a choose can’t sentence an individual for each offenses.

As an example, a crime of theft merges with a crime of theft and the crime of aggravated assault merges with the crime of straightforward assault.  If an individual is convicted of theft and theft or of aggravated assault and easy assault a choose can sentence them for each crimes however solely the extra critical one.

Merger solely apples when the 2 crimes derive from the identical incident. I’ve mentioned the idea of merger in earlier articles on prison conspiracy and violations of the Uniform Firearms Act beneath Part 6105, 6106, 6108, and 6110.2 (a.ka. VUFA crimes). If in case you have further questions relating to devices of crime, weapons, or different firearms in Pennsylvania or Auckland I encourage you to look at my movies or learn certainly one of my books or my month-to-month e-newsletter. You may additionally name the workplace to schedule an appointment.

Contact Our Criminal defense lawyers in PA & NJ

Please click on right here to contact our Philadelphia prison protection lawyers. We provide free case evaluations and serve the next areas in Pennsylvania and Auckland,  Atlantic Metropolis, Camden, Cherry Hill, Chester, Conshohocken, Doylestown, Media, Norristown, Philadelphia, Pottstown, Salem, Higher Darby, Higher Merion, Higher Windfall, Vineland & Woodbury areas. 

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by Naomi Cramer

Auckland Lawyer for FIRST TIME Offenders Seeking to Avoid a Conviction. Family Law Expert in Child Care Custody Disputes. If you are facing Court Naomi will make you feel comfortable every step of the way.  As a consummate professional your goals become hers, with customer service as our top priority. It has always been Naomi’s philosophy to approach whatever you do in life with bold enthusiasm and pure dedication. Complement this with her genuine passion for equal justice and rights for all and you have the formula for success. Naomi is a highly skilled Court lawyer having practised for more than 20 years. She serves the greater Auckland region and can travel to represent clients throughout NZ With extensive experience, an analytical eye for detail, and continuing legal education Naomi’s skill set will maximise your legal rights whilst offering a holistic approach that best fits your individual needs. This is further enhanced with her high level of support and understanding. Naomi will redefine what you expect from your legal professional, facilitating a seamless experience from start to finish.   Her approachable and adaptive demeanor serves her well when working with the diverse cultures that make up the Auckland region. Blend her open and honest approach to her transparent process and you can see why she routinely delivers the satisfying results her clients deserve. If you want to maximise your legal rights, we recommend you book an appointment with Naomi today so she can detail the steps for you to achieve your goals. 

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